The Ultimate Coffee Glossary: A Guide to Coffee Terminology

The Ultimate Coffee Glossary: A Guide to Coffee Terminology

Greetings, coffee connoisseurs and cafe owners!

Navigating the realm of coffee terminology can be a bit overwhelming. In today’s Café Hub blog we're here to equip you with the knowledge you need to confidently engage with your customers and elevate their coffee experience.

Welcome to our comprehensive Coffee Glossary, designed exclusively for cafe owners like you.


First things first, let's delve into the cornerstone of coffee culture. Espresso is the heart of many exquisite coffee beverages. It's crafted by forcing hot water through finely-ground coffee beans, resulting in a concentrated and robust shot of flavour.


An Italian masterpiece, the cappuccino is a harmonious blend of espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam. The layers of espresso and velvety milk foam create a balanced and delightfully textured cup.

Steamed milk is created by introducing steam into milk, which heats and aerates it simultaneously.

Milk foam, on the other hand, is produced by introducing air into milk until it becomes light and airy. This process creates larger bubbles and a frothy texture on the surface of the milk.

Steamed milk provides a creamy and velvety texture, while milk foam contributes a light and airy froth to coffee beverages.


A latte is an artful combination of espresso and steamed milk, delivering a smooth and milky palate. With a higher milk-to-espresso ratio than a cappuccino, it offers a milder coffee experience.


For those seeking a more subdued coffee profile, the Americano shines. Crafted by adding hot water to a shot of espresso, it mirrors the essence of drip coffee while retaining espresso's boldness.

Flat White

The flat white presents a unique twist on the latte. Featuring a higher coffee-to-milk ratio, it boasts strong espresso flavour swathed in velvety steamed milk.


The macchiato is a versatile drink that caters to those who enjoy the robustness of espresso but with a hint of milkiness. A macchiato combines espresso with a small amount of milk or milk foam.

Cold Brew

The cold brew is a patient creation, achieved by steeping coarse coffee grounds in cold water over time. The result? A remarkably smooth and intensely caffeinated coffee that's often served over ice.


Crema, the golden crown atop a finely brewed espresso shot, signifies freshness and optimal extraction. A telltale sign of quality, crema contributes to the nuanced flavour profile of espresso.


Single-origin coffee celebrates its roots, sourced from specific regions, farms, or even individual estates. Each cup showcases the singular flavours and characteristics of its origin, allowing coffee enthusiasts to explore the diversity of the coffee world.

Arabica vs. Robusta

Two primary coffee species grace our cups: Arabica and Robusta. Arabica beans offer nuanced flavours, while Robusta beans boast a stronger, more bitter taste often utilised in espresso blends.

Educating your customers about the different types of coffee, not only enhances their coffee knowledge but also empowers them to make informed choices that perfectly match their preferences.

Implementing strategies such as menu descriptions, engaging social media posts, tasting events, and barista recommendations help effectively communicate this knowledge and foster a culture of coffee appreciation.

Over To You…

Here's to raising your coffee game and igniting the passion of coffee lovers far and wide!